What is a Learning Difficulty?
Educational psychologists can help schools and parents regarding learning difficulties in children. Schools can request support if a child or young person is struggling at school. These children may have been identified as having a Special Educational Need (SEN).
Children and young people with special educational needs or disability (SEND) all have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children and young people of the same age. These children and young people may need extra or different help to others. The majority of children with a SEN are taught in mainstream schools, with the school providing a tailored curriculum and teaching techniques.
Learning Difficulties in Children
Many children and young people may have SEN of some kind during their education. Child care providers (e.g. nurseries, schools, colleges) can help identify learning difficulties in children and young people, and help those pupils with changes to their practice or additional support. For example implementing short term interventions, seating arrangements, Teaching Assistant support etc.
However, some children and young people with SEN may need extra help because of a range of needs. The school or parents may decide to apply for an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) from their Local Authority. Previously EHCPs were known as ‘Statements’. All statements are currently being converted to EHCP plans.
The 0-25 SEND Code of Practice sets out 4 areas of SEN:
Children and young people have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to make sense of language or to understand how to communicate effectively and appropriately with others.
Children and young people learn at a slower pace than others their age, have difficulty in understanding parts of the curriculum, have difficulties with organisation and memory skills, or have a specific difficulty affecting one particular part of their learning performance such as in literacy or numeracy.
Children and young people have difficulty in managing their relationships with other people, are withdrawn, or they behave in ways that may hinder their and other children’s learning or have an impact on their health and wellbeing.
Children and young people with visual and/or hearing impairments, or a physical need that means they must have additional ongoing support and equipment.